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Foto: Reynaldo Linares / CCS-SCBI

The Biodiversity Monitoring and Assessment Program (BMAP) is a collaboration between the Center for Conservation Education and Sustainability (CCES) of the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) and PERU LNG. The collaboration was established in 2008 to integrate the conservation of biodiversity into the construction and operation of a gas pipeline as well as the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) plant operations and marine terminal at Melchorita. The program evaluates and conducts long term monitoring of species and habitats of importance to the national and international stakeholder. The program determines the status and trends of species and habitats over time to be able to respond with appropriate adaptive management actions to conditions that could vary during the construction and operation of the project.


The mission of the Smithsonian Institution is to increase and disseminate knowledge and one of its main objectives is to study and understand biodiversity and contribute to its conservation. CCES offers capacity building programs related to conservation and sustainable development, works with the energy sector to find ways to better mitigate the impact of development on biodiversity, and explores innovative strategies to promote conservation. CCES staff has more than 15 years of experience integrating biodiversity conservation into energy development and operations.


The vision of PERU LNG is to be recognized as a world-class LNG Project that complies with stringent technical standards, contributes to the development of Peru, promotes the professional growth of its employees, and is committed to improving the standard of living of people in surrounding communities, preserving the environment, and protecting the cultural heritage.Ó Its mission is Òbuild and safely operate a LNG Plant, a Marine Terminal, and a Pipeline, complying with the established work schedule and budget, fulfilling and even exceeding all the required technical specifications, and serving as a role model in the industry by outstanding implementation of social and environmental programs. 


PERU LNG built a 408 km pipeline to transport natural gas. The pipeline commences in Chiquintirca, Ayacucho Department, and reaches Pampa Melchorita, along the coast in the Lima Department.ÊTo provide a fundamental strategy and specific actions to protect and conserve biodiversity during the construction and operation of the pipeline and the terminal, the company developed a Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP). One of the main components is the BMAP that provides an integral program to assess and monitor all aspects related to biodiversity along with the Environmental Management Plan (EMP) and the Biorestoration Plan. The BMAP generates information on species and habitats of special conservation concern toward fulfillment of the mutual goal of SCBI and PERU LNG to integrate biodiversity conservation into development and operations. This information is utilized to create biological monitoring programs that provide guidance on decision making processes to reduce and mitigate impacts on biodiversity during the development of the project, and establishes protocols to conserve biodiversity. These conservation and research protocols are designed to be practical and applicable to similar projects, so that other companies and governments will be able to use them as models.


  1. To understand the ecological states and tendencies of the species and habitats within the project zone, and

  2. To evaluate the effectiveness of the company’s mitigation efforts regarding species and habitats, and

  3. To contribute to the knowledge of the region’s biodiversity, its management and conservation, and

  4. To develop scientific and conservation questions required for the monitoring programs, experimental design with appropriate research and monitoring protocols to answer them.

The Biodiversity Monitoring and Assessment Program (BMAP)

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