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Apacheta High Lands

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The Apacheta high lands are located in the eastern sub-humid Andes of the Department of Ayacucho, between the Vinchos River Valley and the Pampas-Palmitos River Basins. To the west of the Vinchos River valley, the Right of Way (RoW) essentially goes from east to west through a series of ridges (between 3,841 and 4,900 meters above sea level) in a landscape dominated by areas with sparse vegetation (39% of the RoW), grassland of puna in formation (33%), puna pastures (14%), bofedales (12%), cultivated areas (1%) and resinous scrub (<0.5%).


This high and cold area is subject to seasonal snowfalls, mainly in June and July, but occasionally in all other months. Although largely sparsely vegetated, this ELU has sensitive plant species such as Ephedra americana (cataloged by Peruvian legislation as "almost threatened"), Escallonia myrtilloides (cataloged by Peruvian legislation as "vulnerable"), Oroya peruana (regionally endemic), Perezia coerulescens (cataloged by Peruvian legislation as "vulnerable"), and Perezia pinnatifida (cataloged by Peruvian legislation as "vulnerable"). The Sierras Altas de Apacheta include the most extensive areas of bofedales in the area of ​​interest of the BMAP. This sparsely populated area hosts populations of sensitive mammals such as Pumas (Puma concolor) and Andean cats (Leopardus jacobita). The Andean catfish of the genus Orestias has been found in the bodies of water of the Apacheta high lands.

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